Man is causing all round damage to atmosphere, water, land, to the various elements of environment and to the ecosystem itself. Seabirds, gyres and global trends in plastic pollution open access. The effects of chloride from waste water on the environment. Water pollution water pollution may be defined as alteration in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water which may cause harmful effects on human and aquatic life. Groundwater pollution has enormous effects on the economy, human life, plant life, and animal life. This harms human health and the natural environment. While effective wastewater treatment has the tendency of salvaging the water environment, integration of environmental policies into the actor firms core objectives. Causes and effects of environmental pollution help save. This paper tries to discuss basically what water pollution is and equally to address the source, effect control and water pollution management as a whole. Environmental effects along with harming human health, air pollution can cause a variety of environmental effects. These substances, known as pollutants, contaminate the water and are sometimes harmful to people and the environment. Causes and effects of water pollution go green academy.
Sources of water pollution are divided into two main categories. Environmental pollution can be defined as a change that is not wished or desired in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment air, water, and soil which can cause harmful effects on various or many forms of life. Knowledge is power, so learning about the effects of. As for the effects of water pollution, these include a large number of waterborne diseases, ranging from diarrhea and. Water pollution is a big issue that concerns humankind and other organisms in the world. Heavy metals are naturally occurring elements that have a high atomic weight and a density at least 5 times greater than that of water. There is so much manmade pollution and environmental degradation. This paper provides the insight view about the affects of environment pollution in the perspective of air pollution, water and land soil waste pollution on human by diseases and problems, animals and trees plants. Polluted water has effects on both human and aquatic life. All types of pollution are detrimental to human health and wildlife and contribute to climate change, which puts the entire planet in danger.
Causes, effects, and solutions for today and tomorrow since people living in the twentyfirst century have the likelihood of experiencing the effects of harmful pollution, looking at the causes of this water and air pollution is definitely vital in halting its devastating consequences. These acids are formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. The following lists display causes of water pollution and the effects it has on human health and the environment. You will notice in the previous pages that water pollution is very harmful to humans, animals and water life. This directive sets legally binding limits for concentrations in outdoor air of major air pollutants that impact public health, such as particulate. Environmental pollution is any discharge of material or energy into water, land, or air that causes or may cause acute shortterm or chronic longterm detriment to the earths ecological balance or that lowers the quality of life. Hence, solid waste management reduces or controls the solid waste pollution and its hazardous effects. Air pollution can also have a direct effect on water pollution. Negative effects of agricultural applications environmental described as external medium where human, animals and plants triple live together. The most common effect of water pollution on human beings is disease. Sources and effects of groundwater pollution earth eclipse. Pdf man is causing all round damage to atmosphere, water, land, to the various elements of environment and to the ecosystem itself. The release of h eated water into water b odies from the thermal power plants has an adverse effect on the aquatic life. Looking into these will help you identify the causes and what steps you can take to mitigate those effects.
Environmental pollution has its own causes, effects and solutions. Environment pollution is a widereaching problem and it is likely to influence the health of human populations is great. One thing is certain, different types of pollution can affect the environment in many ways. Environment and related topics have nowadays become very important for upsc, state pcs and other govt competitive exams.
Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants and. The preservation of our water environment, which is embedded in sustainable. These wastes have negative effects on human health. Impact of air and water pollution on the environment and public. Pollution, is the addition of any substance or any form of energy to the environment at a rate faster than it can be dispersed, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or stored in. Acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids. In developing countries, water pollution is a leading cause of death. Theory of environmental pollution is one among them. Jacques cousteau water and air pollution continue to affect the lives of many americans. The effects can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the pollutants and where there are polluted. River pollution has been one of the main topics in the environmental issue of urban dhaka, the capital city of bangladesh. Their multiple industrial, domestic, agricultural, medical and technological applications have led to their wide distribution in the environment. Types of water pollution this is a major problem that affects both animals and people, and it should be taken seriously because the damage it can cause could be irreversible.
Report,1965,restoring the quality of our environment, president science committee, washington usa olaniran 1995 defined water pollution to be presence of. But the sources that are manmade should reduce in order to decrease the amounts of groundwater pollution around the globe. Water and air pollution water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans. This mainly enters the marine environment in oil spills and can have detrimental effects on marine animals, plants and birds.
Most downloaded environmental pollution articles elsevier. Water pollution occurs when unwanted materials enter in. The longterm effects of water pollution on the environment. Environment pollution occurred by irregular urbanization and. Water is life without pollution, but death when it is polluted. Here is information about the long term effects of water pollution and the elements that contaminate the water bodies. Polluted water is of great concern to the aquatic organism, plants, humans, and climate and indeed alters the ecosystem. Pdf environmental pollution causes and consequences. Types of water pollution, causes, sources and effects.
In this article, we have thoroughly discussed the types, causes and impacts of different pollutions affecting humankind. Effects on the environment water pollution can have disastrous effects on the environment. Causes of water pollution sewage from domestic households, factories and commercial buildings sewage that is treated in water treatment plants is. When particles like sulfur dioxide get high into the air they can combine with rain to produce acid rain. Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment main types of pollution water pollution. Causes, effects and solutions to environmental pollution.
Noxious health effects caused by air pollution can be classified as due to either chronic or acute exposure. Environmental and health impacts of water pollution. Water pollution affects drinking water, rivers, lakes and oceans. Water pollution facts, types, causes and effects of water. Drinking water contaminated by diseasecarrying microorganisms, also known as pathogens, cause various waterborne diseases, such as typhoid, dysentery, hepatitis and cholera. Pdf on jan 1, 2016, asha gupta and others published water. Not only does water pollution cause the death of many organisms, it also disrupts entire ecosystems. Below, we shall see a summary of the effects of water pollution. Broadly, environmental pollution consists of six basic types of pollution, i. Effects of water pollution on the environment scienceaid. Effects of water pollution in india water pollution can have some tremendouslyadverse effect on the health of any and every life form. So, the effects of this type of pollution cut across all people. Air pollution kills 7 million people each year, according to the world health organization.
They cause billions in damage to the environment and to health. Pollution is defined as the degradation in quality of elements of the environment such as air, water, land, etc. Consequences of air pollution co 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the socalled greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic. At exposure levels lower than those sufficient to cause mortality, the presence of toxic components may lead to sublethal effects such as impaired feeding or reproduction. When water pollution causes an algal bloom in a lake or marine environment, the proliferation of newly introduced nutrients stimulates plant and algae growth, which in turn reduces oxygen levels. The two biggest pollution problems are in the air and water. Effects, prevention, and climatic impact intechopen. The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water. Effects of agricultural practices on environment 2. Acid rain can turn lakes acidic, killing fishes and other animals. The marine environment is highly complex and natural fluctuations in species composition, abundance and.
Various methods are practiced to control solid waste pollution as composting, recycling, incineration, pyrolysis, disposal, landfills etc. Pollution is making the environment unsafe and unsuitable. Environment consists from two pieces that human hand made and natural environmental. The whole world needs to know about pollution and take steps to reduce it, because the negative effects of pollution are serious and potentially fatal. Therefore, water pollution is any change in water that is harmful to living organisms. A growing problem is plastic pollution, which is damaging our food supply. Environmental pollution, types, causes, impact and. Chemical pollutants, industrial waste deposits and toxic wastes can cause longterm health problems. The effects of air pollution on humans are quite severe.740 1185 1563 173 629 786 119 1343 446 1050 820 1470 1366 1469 908 370 900 447 852 275 1565 1016 60 955 1039 45 315 1020 1591 1245 1026 167 640 537 1468 1253 1112 633 1388 108 668 1160 917 619